What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a well-known disease that occurs when blood glucose in our body, which is also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is the primary source of energy and comes from the food we consume. The pancreas secretes a hormone, insulin, which helps glucose from food get into our cells to be used for energy. Sometimes our body doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. In that case, glucose stays in our blood and doesn’t reach our cells.
Over time, having too much glucose in our blood can cause specific health problems. Although diabetes has no cure, you can take a few steps to manage your diabetes and stay healthy
What are the different types of diabetes?
The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes generally occurs when our body does not make insulin. The immune system in our body attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive.
- Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. It generally occurs when our body does not make or use insulin well. You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, this type of diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people.
- Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant. Most of the time, this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you have a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Sometimes diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is type 2 diabetes.
How common is diabetes?
As of 2015, 30.3 million people in the United States, or 9.4 per cent of the population, had diabetes. More than 1 in 4 of them didn’t know they had the disease. Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people over the age of 65. About 90-95 per cent of cases in adults are type 2 diabetes. In 2016, an estimated 1.6 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes. Almost half of all deaths attributable to high blood glucose occur before the age of 70 years. WHO estimates that diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death in 2016.
An Ayurvedic perspective:
In Ayurveda, diabetes is referred to as madhumeha, a Sanskrit term which means “sweet urine”. Indeed, when our blood sugar levels rise above a certain level, it spills over into the urine and can be detected. The ancient description of this disease includes that derangements in body tissues take place due to imbalances in metabolism. The term for this in Sanskrit is dhatupaka janya vikruti.
The cause, symptoms, prognosis, and management of diabetes were also described in detail in the Vedic texts thousands of years ago. Ayurveda recognizes the multifaceted nature of diabetes, that it might be inherited since birth or imbalances in three doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha).
The other major cause of Diabetes is improper digestion. Improper digestion leads to accumulation of specific digestive impurities (known as ama) which accumulate in the pancreatic cells and hinders the production of insulin.
The treatment of Diabetes recommended in Ayurveda - as against modern medicine - is aimed at rejuvenating the body to not only balance sugar levels, but also foster a positive change in the patient's life. Ayurvedic medicines work on the root cause of the disease, strengthening the patient's immunity, enhancing digestion and helping him lead an overall healthy living. Along with medication, dietary and lifestyle changes are also recommended to rejuvenate the body's cells and tissues, allowing them to produce insulin properly.
Causes and Preventions:
Simple lifestyle measures are effective in preventing or delaying this kind of diseases. To help prevent type 2 diabetes and its complications, people should:
- Achieve and maintain a healthy body weight;
- Be physically active – at least 30 minutes of regular activity should be done. More activity is required for weight control;
- Eat a balanced healthy diet, avoiding sugar and saturated fats intake; and
- Avoid tobacco use – smoking increases the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
Ayurvedic medicines generally Ayurveda practitioners suggest:
Medications that should be taken along with diets are:
- GORANCHI tablets – Goranchi tablet is a proprietary ayurvedic medicine manufactured by Sagar Ayurvedic centre Pvt. Ltd. (1 tab twice a day before food.)
- NISHA Amalaki tablets - It is useful in the treatment of different disease like diabetes, nephropathy, and infections (1 tab twice a day before food.)
- DN 90 tablets - DN 90 TABLET by ACHARYA SHUSHRUTHA DRUGS is a proprietary ayurvedic medicine used to enhance the pancreatic function and maintain the proper metabolism of carbohydrates in the blood (1 tab twice a day before food).
- Swarna vanga – It is an ayurvedic medicine used to treat Diabetes along with other ailments ( 1/4 tsp twice a day)
- Vasantha kusumakara ras - Baidyanath Vasant Kusumakar Ras Tablets is a prior tonic in Ayurveda concept. It is very useful in diabetes. It controls the blood sugar level in diabetic patients( 1/4 tsp twice in a day)
Note: Both Swarna Vanga and Vasantha kusumakara ras can be taken along with honey.
- Abhyanga - Abhyanga — the ayurvedic oil massage — is an integral part of the daily routine recommended by this healing system for overall health and well-being. It can be used for burning feet & palm, or general pain in case of a diabetic patient.
Apart from that, You can take Kala jeera and methi together early morning in empty stomach in equal quantity, i.e. 1 tsp & drink 1/2 a glass of water.
- Fenugreek - Turmeric remedy for Diabetes
Equal quantity of fenugreek and turmeric are taken, and fine powder is made. This is administered in the dose of 5 grams daily along with water, preferably in an empty stomach. This is effective in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes.
- Arjuna remedy for Diabetes
Arjuna, Asana - Pterocarpus marsupium and Bilva-bael tree barks are collected in equal quantity, and fine powder is made.
3-4 pinch (say approximately 2-3 grams) of this powder is given in empty stomach along with a cup of water for the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes associated with peripheral neuritis or numbness.
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