Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood in motion on the inner walls of the arteries in our body. This pressure has to be at optimum level which is 120/80 (SYS/DYS) with +10/-10 changes being accepted as normal. With this optimum limit getting disturbed, the indications are of organ damage or slow metabolism in the body. Both the variations are undesirable! A plus means high blood pressure or the hypertension which can cause stroke/cardiac arrest and kidney damage as also hemorrhage in the brain tissues. A negative means the low blood pressure which although is not as threatening as high blood pressure but can make the metabolic functions much slow, if it persists.


The causes of blood pressure variations –


The causes of high blood pressure are not precisely established. It may develop in individuals with age. Certain correlations do exist as have been studied through researches. These include –

  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Tumors of adrenal glands
  • Problems in thyroid functions
  • Kidney malfunctions
  • Congenital defects in the blood vessels
  • Drugs abuse (as risk factor)
  • Alcohol & smoking (as risk factor)


The causes of low blood pressure could be –

  • Bradycardia or the low heart rate
  • Problems in the valves of heart
  • Low blood sugar
  • Adrenal insufficiency
  • Dehydration and allied salts deficiency
  • Pregnancy time


The symptoms of high blood pressure –


  • Eye damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Cognitive difficulties
  • Headache and dizziness
  • Nosebleed – the immediate life threatening stage symptom


Most of these symptoms may not be noticed while the person carries high BP all the time. Only in severely high BP there could be nose bleeding (as a safety valve mechanism) or the cerebral hemorrhage (the bad consequence).


The symptoms of low blood pressure –


  • Fainting
  • Blurred vision
  • Lack of concentration
  • Pallor
  • Thirst
  • Immediate fatigue
  • Reduced shallow breaths


Low BP is a dynamic concept and a value low for one (enough to cause fainting) may be normal for routine functions for another person. Moderately low BP is considered good for longevity!


How can Ayurveda help in cases of hypertension and low BP?


Ayurveda attempts at the root causes of the conditions of high and low blood pressure. Some very generic processes like the body heat gets disturbed due to imbalances in the vata, pitta and kapha components in the body. Most of the times these cannot be diagnosed! The presence and accumulation of toxins is also responsible for the doshas in the body. Ayurveda relies on panchkarma processes and other detox therapies to generate inherent rejuvenations and good health. The blood pressure variations thus get stable.


The Ayurveda herbs to control the high blood pressure –


  • Arjun – bark of arjun tree offers direct relief in hypertension conditions
  • Jatamasi – curbs the effects of free radical that damage the arterial walls.
  • Triphala – cleanses and detoxifies the body by correcting the digestion
  • Aswagandha – a potent mental rejuvenator
  • Brahmi – acts to balance mind and generates resilience against stress


The Ayurveda herbs for low blood pressure –


  • Holy basil
  • Licorice
  • Rosemary
  • Raisins
  • Carrots and beetroot